For example in a political campaign candidate 2 presents negative information about candidate 1 true or false so that anything that candidate says will be discounted. It is often associated with logical.
The Poisoning The Well Fallacy is a preemptive attack against ones opponent in the hopes of discrediting them and their argument before it is presented.
Poisoning the well fallacy. By attributing negative traits to someone before they even have the chance to make their argument the well poisoner primes the listener not to believe what they are about to hear. Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy a type of ad hominem argument in which a person attempts to place an opponent in a position from which he or she is unable to reply. Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy in which irrelevant information is offered to the audience in advance or instead of the relevant information in order to discredit the arguments of the source where one member of the argument or debate offers information to shut down his opponents argument that does not directly engage with it.
Poisoning the Well is not strictly speaking a logical fallacy since it is not a type of argument. Fallacy of pointing to another wrong. To commit a preemptive ad hominem abusive attack against an opponent.
Poisoning the well is a preemptive attack on a person in order to discredit their testimony or argument in advance of their giving it. Use of prejudice against groups or multiple people in order to cause doubt and distrust. Unfavorable information be it true or false about person A is presented.
The fallacy is irreducibly dialectical. Negative information about person A is presented. It commonly takes the following form.
Therefore person As claims are not credible. Tactical FallacyDefinitionExample When negative claims are preemptively made against a position with the intention of discrediting whatever person is about to sayBefore my opponent speaks let me remind you that he is a college dropout and has never held a job longer than a year. Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy that uses the association of negative emotions to distract a subject from actual evidence in an argument.
That is to prime the audience with adverse information about the opponent from the start in an attempt to make your claim more acceptable or discount the credibility of your opponents claim. Poisoning the well is a common fallacy. To supplement Waltons definition the poisoning the well fallacy is the commission of the ad hominem fallacy where the objectivity of the arguer is called into question by implicitly or explicitly suggesting she has a vested in the topic.
Description of Poisoning the Well This sort of reasoning involves trying to discredit what a person might later claim by presenting unfavorable information be it true or false about the person. This argument has the following form. Poisoning the well also called the smear tactic is a rhetorical technique and logical fallacy that uses the association of negative emotions to distract a subject from actual evidence in an argument.
Poisoning the well occurs when negative information that is irrelevant is presented ahead of time to discredit the argument. Rather it is a logical boobytrapset by the poisoner to tempt the unwary audience into committing an ad hominemfallacy. Poisoning the well is an appeal to hate.
Poisoning the well is a logical fallacy that occurs when negative facts or suggestions about a speaker are given to an audience as a deterrent in an attempt to discredit what that person is about to say. Poisoning the well fallacy. A person who thereby becomes unreceptive to the testimony reasons fallaciously and has become a victim of the poisoner.
This is a kind of Ad Hominem Circumstantial Fallacy. Steers attention away from argument into irrelevant issues. Poisoning the well or attempting to poison the well is a type of informal fallacy where adverse information about a target is preemptively presented to an audience with the intention of discrediting or ridiculing something that the target person is about to sayPoisoning the well can be a special case of argumentum ad hominem and the term was first used with this sense by John Henry Newman.
Poisoning the well is thus analyzed as a tactic to silence an opponent violating her right to put forward arguments on an issue both parties have agreed to. The tu quoque fallacy occurs when one charges another with hypocrisy or inconsistency in order to avoid taking the others position seriously. At its crudest the fallacy consists in making unpleasant remarks about anyone who might disagree with a chosen position.
Usually the arguer attempts to present any information that could produce a biased opinion of the subject either in support or against. Poisoning the Well is a kind of Ad Hominem fallacy where the attack on the person making a claim happens in advance. The most attractive feature of poisoning the well is that the opposition is discredited before they have uttered a single word.
NotesThis fallacy is often found in public forums where. Fallacy of red herring.